At the time, you may have been disappointed it wasn’t pudding or ice cream.
But it still seemed like enough of a snack to warrant eating, so you begrudgingly tore off the little foil cover and ate it up.
What you didn’t realize as you ate the creamy, surprisingly tasty treat was how well you were treating your body.
That’s why, when you go to the supermarket as an adult, you’re practically overwhelmed with a whole sea of brands in bright, happy colors that are slowly taking over the dairy aisle.
And while you might still think of yogurt as nothing more than a standard find in your grandmother’s refrigerator, it’s actually a food you’d be smart to include in your fridge as well.
The nutritional value of yogurt has always been somewhat known, but not to the extent of what’s understood today.
Now that science is finally getting around to figuring out how yogurt actually works to help the body, its full benefits are being revealed.
So, let’s pull out our spoons and get the scoop on what makes yogurt good for your health.
What is Yogurt?
Yogurt is a form of curdled milk, most often from cows (but sometimes from goats or even buffalo), that is fermented by the naturally occurring bacteria inside of it.
As it coagulates, or thickens, it becomes creamy and has a slightly tangy flavor.
The way it’s made is similar to that of sour cream, but with far less fat.
Commercially produced yogurt often has bacteria added to aid in the fermentation process, as well as flavorings and colorings, or the addition of various fruit.
There exists a variety of yogurts in just about every supermarket. Regular yogurt comes in nonfat or low-fat, and in a huge range of flavors and textures.
Greek yogurt, an easier option for those of us with mild lactose intolerance, has been on a huge upsurge in popularity in the past decade or so.
In some ways, Greek yogurt is the healthier option, but be wary of its much higher saturated fat content.
Proteins in Yogurt
Yogurt is a rich source of protein.
Plain yogurt made from whole milk contains about 8.5 grams of protein in each cup (245 g).
The protein content of commercial yogurt is sometimes higher than in milk.
Because dry milk is sometimes added to yogurt during processing.
Proteins in yogurt can be divided into two families, whey and casein, depending on their solubility in water.
Water-soluble milk proteins are called whey proteins, whereas insoluble milk proteins are called caseins.
Both casein and whey are of excellent quality, rich in essential amino acids, and have a good digestibility.
The majority (80%) of proteins in yogurt are in the casein family, the most abundant of which is alpha-casein.
Casein can increase the absorption of minerals, such as calcium and phosphorus. And promote lower blood pressure.
Whey is the smaller family of proteins found in milk products, accounting for 20% of the protein content in yogurt.
It is very high in branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs), such as valine, leucine and isoleucine.
Whey proteins have long been a popular supplement among bodybuilders and athletes.
Probiotics are live bacteria that have beneficial health effects when consumed.
These friendly bacteria are found in fermented milk products, such as yogurt with live and active cultures.
The main probiotics in fermented milk products are lactic acid bacteria and bifidobacteria.
Probiotics have many beneficial health effects, depending on the species and the amount taken.
Enhanced immune system: Studies indicate that probiotic bacteria may promote enhanced immunity.
Lower cholesterol: Regular intake of certain types of probiotics and fermented milk products may lower blood cholesterol.
Vitamin synthesis: Bifidobacteria can synthesize or make available many kinds of vitamins, including thiamine, niacin, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, folate, and vitamin K.
Digestive well-being: Fermented milk containing bifidobacterium may promote digestive well-being and lessen the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.
Protection against diarrhea: Probiotics may help treat diarrhea caused by antibiotics.
Protection against constipation: Several studies suggest that regular consumption of yogurt, fermented with bifidobacterium, may reduce constipation.
Improved lactose digestibility: Probiotic bacteria have been shown to improve the digestion of lactose, lessening the symptoms of lactose intolerance.
These health benefits may not always apply to yogurt, mainly because some types of yogurt have been heat-treated (pasteurized) after the probiotic bacteria were added.
In heat-treated yogurts, the probiotic bacteria are dead and do not provide any health benefits.
For this reason, it is best to choose yogurt with active or live cultures.
Health Benefits of Yogurt Nutrition
1. Full of Vitamins and Nutrients
Yogurt has indeed long been known as a healthy snack, and for good reason.
An eight ounce serving of yogurt is seriously packed with healthy vitamins and nutrients.
In yogurt, your body will also find and appreciate a strong supply of calcium, phosphorous, zinc, magnesium, potassium, and selenium.
Yogurt is also packed with protein.
That same eight ounce serving of low-fat yogurt contains around 9 grams of protein. If you opt for Greek yogurt, you’ll be getting nearly twice that amount of protein.
2. Good for the Gut
For quite a while now the idea of “good” bacteria has been gaining traction in the scientific community. And most of that bacteria is found in the gastrointestinal tract.
Where their purpose has long been mysterious.
These bacteria are now known to aid in digestion, produce and more adequately process vitamins, and even protect us from harmful pathogens.
Yogurt is known as a “live” food because of all the microscopic bacteria active inside every serving. Those bacteria known to be good for the health are called probiotics.
Good bacteria most commonly referred to as probiotics are lactic acid bacteria, with crazy names like lactobacillus and bifidobacterium.
Not all yogurts contain these active, beneficial bacteria, so the National Yogurt Association created a “Live Active Culture” seal for yogurt packaging.
To help indicate a certain level of lactic acid bacteria.
The popular yogurt brand Activia has even trademarked their own probiotic culture called bifidus regularis.
Which they claim has special benefit to the digestive tract.
There are over a thousand known species of bacteria in the gut.
All battling it out to determine whether you’re in good health or bad.
And they don’t only regulate your digestive system; gut bacteria can also help your body respond better to allergens, fight off disease, and regulate weight.
3. Blood Pressure
Abnormally high blood pressure, also called hypertension, is one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
Studies suggest that regular consumption of yogurt may lower blood pressure in people with hypertension.
However, this effect is not limited to yogurt. Studies on intake of other milk products have provided similar results.
4. Immune Support
Roberta Lee, medical director at the Continuum Center for Health and Healing, says she is convinced probiotics are beneficial for immune health.
“Seventy percent of our immune response is directed toward catching foreign invaders introduced through our guts”, she says.
Because the probiotics in yogurts have been so well-documented and thoroughly discussed, she continued: “I would be happy to recommend yogurt to a patient”.
A study from the University of Vienna in Austria found that a daily serving of yogurt was just as effective in boosting your immune system as popping pills. 181 factory employees were observed and given either a daily supplement of the probiotic lactobacillus, or a placebo.
Those who took the probiotic took 33 percent fewer sick days than those given a placebo.
So if you want to be more effective at work (don’t we all?), and sick less of the time overall.
Look for yogurts with that “Live Active Culture” labeling.
If you’re aging
If you’re aging and worrying about your immune health, yogurt might be the answer.
A study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found the effectiveness of the probiotic bifidobacterium by measuring its efficacy as a dietary supplement for elderly patients.
They concluded that the supplement, found in yogurt, “could be an effective probiotic dietary supplement for enhancing some aspects of cellular immunity in the elderly”.
Children also stand to benefit from the probiotics found in yogurt.
A randomized, double blind, placebo controlled study over seven months observing 18 day care centers in Finland sought to measure the number of days children were absent due to respiratory or gastrointestinal symptoms.
Researchers in the study found that children taking Lactobacillus had reduced symptoms and occurrences of respiratory infections.
Along with fewer days of absence due to illness.
Sounds like probiotics have health benefits across the board, and as yogurt is such a perfect source, you now know exactly where to find them.
5. Feel Fuller And Lose Weight
Not only is yogurt delicious and full of nutrients – it may fill you up better than other snacks, making you less hungry throughout the day.
The University of Washington in Seattle performed a study measuring hunger, fullness, and calories consumed in 32 people, half male and female.
Each subject consumed a 200 calorie snack.
The snacks were either yogurt with fruit, plain yogurt, a peach-flavored dairy beverage, or peach juice.
The results showed that the people who ate the two types of yogurt snack were less hungry and felt fuller than their counterparts.
Researchers in Spain report that they’ve actually concocted a new kind of yogurt to help in weight loss.
Because their yogurt is much higher in protein, it provides a much stronger feeling of satiety, said the scientists on the research team.
The probiotics in yogurt also help to create an environment in your gut that can be conducive to weight loss.
“Probiotics are ‘beneficial bacteria’ that promote a healthy gut environment and obstruct the growth of ‘bad bacteria’”, says Rania Batayneh, M.P.H., author of The One One One Diet, writing in the Journal of the American College of Nutrition.
“Various studies show they help lower chronic inflammation”, Batayneh continues, “improve insulin sensitivity in both diabetic and healthy individuals, and lower cortisol levels, which are key players in belly fat”.
So if you want a light snack that can give you a decent energy boost while making you feel as though you’ve eaten even more (and less likely to have those frustrating cravings later), try yogurt.
6. Bone Health
According to the National Osteoporosis Foundation, the most important nutrients for reducing your chance of developing osteoporosis.
A bone weakening disease, is to consume adequate levels of calcium and vitamin D.
Each serving of yogurt contains 415 milligrams of calcium, a 42 percent daily value. A serving of milk only has 293 milligrams of calcium.
Looks like yogurt is a better source than milk. And, since most authorities recommend 2 to 3 servings of a dairy product every day to reach your calcium goals, yogurt may be the best choice around.
Vitamin D is crucial to the way the body handles and uses calcium. Yogurt can be fortified with vitamin D.
So check the labels to see if your favorite yogurt contains plenty of the vitamin most known for building strong bones.
7. Heart Health
Every day, most Americans consume way more salt than is recommended for their diets.
Time reported on a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) study revealing that the daily average consumption of sodium was 3,592 milligrams. That’s way higher than the recommended 2,300 milligrams set by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) guidelines.
The potassium in yogurt may help flush some of this excess sodium from the body. The average serving of yogurt, eight ounces, contains almost 600 milligrams.
A study by the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found that adults who ate the most low-fat dairy were 54 percent less likely to develop high blood pressure than those who ate the least.
The probiotics in yogurt may also play a role in lowering blood pressure and promoting heart health.
Researchers have found that these micro-organisms help lower cholesterol. Which contributes to less fatty build-up in the blood vessels (one of the main causes of hypertension).
They also control blood sugar and keep the enzymes and proteins responsible for proper blood flow and fluid volumes functioning properly.
In other words, a regular intake of yogurt, thanks to its probiotics and nutrient benefits, may be super beneficial for your heart health.
8. Yogurt is Good For You
If you already consume yogurt, there’s evidence you likely have a well-balanced and healthy diet to begin with.
As you’re probably inclined towards caring about your nutrition.
A study published in Nutrition Research found that people who ate yogurt every week had better overall diets and health.
And because of the addition of yogurt, they were benefiting even more.
“But even after accounting for the healthier diets of yogurt consumers”, says Paul Jacques, D.Sc., director of the Nutritional Epidemiology Laboratory at Tufts University.
“we found that eating yogurt itself leads to a healthier diet because it supplies three nutrients that many Americans don’t get enough of: potassium, calcium, and vitamin B12”.
So there you have it. Yogurt has convincingly presented an argument as to why you should include it in your diet.
And regardless of whether you prefer Greek yogurt or the regular kind, you’ll still be receiving comparable nutrient benefits, as well as all of the same probiotics.
Keep in mind that some of those low-fat yogurts have loads of sugar added to them for flavor. As high amounts of sugar have been linked to numerous health problems. These yogurts could be doing you more harm than good in the long run.
So, if you want to make yogurt a normal part of your well-balanced diet, be sure that you stick to the healthiest possible product.
Check the labels, making sure to find the “Live Active Culture” seal, and choose those with the lowest amount of sugar.
For a food made through the fermentation of milk, it’s amazing how yogurt manages to be both delicious, and awesomely healthy.
Yogurt may cause adverse effects in certain people, specifically those that are lactose intolerant or allergic to milk proteins.
Yogurt contains smaller amounts of milk sugar (lactose) than milk.
This is because some of the lactose in milk breaks down into glucose and galactose during yogurt production.
Therefore, it is better tolerated by people with lactose intolerance.
However, probiotic bacteria may also help by improving our own ability to digest lactose.
Lactose intolerant individuals showed better tolerance to yogurt with added lactose, compared to milk with the same amount of lactose .
Milk allergy is rare and more common among children than adults. It is triggered by milk proteins, whey and casein, found in all milk products.
Therefore, yogurt should be avoided by people with milk allergy.
It is important to keep in mind that many low-fat yogurts have a lot of sugar added to them.
High amounts of sugar in the diet have been linked to numerous health problems, such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
For this reason, it is recommended that you read the label and avoid yogurts that have sugar (usually sucrose or high fructose corn syrup) on the ingredients list.