Insulin is a naturally-occurring hormone secreted by the pancreas. The body cells need insulin to take away and use glucose from the blood.
From glucose the cells fabricate the energy that they require to perform their functions.
Researchers first gave an active extract of the pancreas, which contains insulin to a young diabetic in 1922, and the Food & Drug Administration (FDA) approved insulin in 1939.
At that time, insulin meant for cure was derived from beef and pork pancreas plus recombinant (human) technology. The FDA approved the first recombinant human insulin in 1982.
Insulin is an anabolic polypeptide endocrine, which regulate carbohydrate metabolic process.
It is a fast-acting medication that begins to work very quickly. After making use of insulin, you should eat a meal within 5 to 10 minutes. But, it is important to follow up doctor’s instrucx`tions.
Despite being the primary agent in carbohydrate physiological condition, it also has effects on fat metamorphosis and it changes the liver’s action in accumulating or discharging glucose, and in processing blood lipids, and in other tissues such as fat and muscle.
The insulin quantity in circulation has extremely widespread have an effect on the whole body. Insulin cannot be taken in the oral form.
Unlike many medicines, insulin cannot be taken in oral form. It is taken as subcutaneous injections by disposable syringes with needles, an insulin pump, or by repeated-use insulin pens with the help of needles.
Insulin is secreted by cells groups within the pancreas known as islet cells.
The molecular weight of Insulin is 5808 Daltons, and it is made of 51 amino acid residues. Insulin is a quite small protein, which is composed of two chains held jointly by disulfide bonds.
Medically, Insulin is used to treat some types of diabetes mellitus. Patients having Type-1 diabetes depend on external insulin for proper survival due to the nonexistence of the hormone.
Patients with Type-2 diabetes mellitus have insulin resistance, fairly low insulin production, or both; some type 2 diabetics finally have need of insulin when other treatments become unacceptable in controlling the blood glucose levels.
The actions of insulin on overall human metabolic process include control of cellular intake of certain substances, conspicuously glucose in muscle and adipose tissue, growth of DNA replication and protein synthesis by controlling amino acid ingestion and modification of the activity of various enzymes.
The insulin actions on body cells include increased fatty acid synthesis, increased glycogen synthesis, augments esterification of fatty acids, abridged proteinolysis, decreased lipolysis, decreased gluconeogenesis, increased uptake of amino acid, arterial muscle tone, and increased potassium uptake.
Take care to keep your blood sugar from getting too low, as it results in hypoglycemia.
The main symptoms of hypoglycemia are headache, nausea, hunger, confusion, drowsiness, weakness, dizziness, blurred vision, fast heartbeat, sweating, tremor, or trouble concentrating. Too high blood sugar levels also results in hyperglycemia.
Its main symptoms include increased thirst, loss of appetite, increased urination, nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, dry skin, and dry mouth.
Monitor your blood sugar levels and ask the physician how to adjust insulin doses if the blood sugar levels are too high or too low.
Here are 9 easy ways to lower blood sugar levels naturally:
1. Exercise regularly
Regular exercise can help you lose weight and increase insulin sensitivity.
Increased insulin sensitivity means your cells are better able to use the available sugar in your bloodstream.
Exercise also helps your muscles use blood sugar for energy and muscle contraction.
If you have problems with blood sugar control, you should routinely check your levels. This will help you learn how you respond to different activities and keep your blood sugar levels from getting either too high or too low.
2. Control your carb intake
Your body breaks carbs down into sugars (mostly glucose), and then insulin moves the sugars into cells.
When you eat too many carbs or have problems with insulin function, this process fails and blood glucose levels rise.
However, there are several things you can do about this.
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends controlling carb intake by counting carbs or using a food exchange system.
Some studies find that these methods can also help you plan your meals appropriately, which may further improve blood sugar control.
Many studies also show that a low-carb diet helps reduce blood sugar levels and prevent blood sugar spikes.
What’s more, a low-carb diet can help control blood sugar levels in the long run.
You can read more in this article on healthy low-carb eating with diabetes.
3. Increase your fiber intake
Fiber slows carb digestion and sugar absorption. For these reasons, it promotes a more gradual rise in blood sugar levels.
Furthermore, the type of fiber you eat may play a role.
There are two kinds of fiber: insoluble and soluble. While both are important, soluble fiber specifically has been shown to lower blood sugar levels.
Additionally, a high-fiber diet can help manage type 1 diabetes by improving blood sugar control and reducing blood sugar lows.
Foods that are high in fiber include vegetables, fruits, legumes and whole grains.
The recommended daily intake of fiber is about 25 grams for women and 38 grams for men. That’s about 14 grams for every 1,000 calories.
4. Drink water and stay hydrated
Drinking enough water may help you keep your blood sugar levels within healthy limits.
In addition to preventing dehydration, it helps your kidneys flush out the excess blood sugar through urine.
One observational study showed that those who drank more water had a lower risk of developing high blood sugar levels.
Drinking water regularly re-hydrates the blood, lowers blood sugar levels and reduces diabetes risk.
Keep in mind that water and other non-caloric beverages are best. Sugar-sweetened drinks raise blood glucose, drive weight gain and increase diabetes risk.
5. Implement portion control
Portion control helps regulate calorie intake and can lead to weight loss.
Consequently, controlling your weight promotes healthy blood sugar levels and has been shown to reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Monitoring your serving sizes also helps reduce calorie intake and subsequent blood sugar spikes.
Here are some helpful tips for controlling portions:
- Measure and weigh portions.
- Use smaller plates.
- Avoid all-you-can-eat restaurants.
- Read food labels and check the serving sizes.
- Keep a food journal.
- Eat slowly.
6. Choose foods with a low glycemic index
The glycemic index was developed to assess the body’s blood sugar response to foods that contain carbs.
Both the amount and type of carbs determine how a food affects blood sugar levels.
Eating low-glycemic-index foods has been shown to reduce long-term blood sugar levels in type 1 and type 2 diabetics.
Although the glycemic index of foods is important, the amount of carbs consumed also matters.
7. Control stress levels
Stress can affect your blood sugar levels.
Hormones such as glucagon and cortisol are secreted during stress. These hormones cause blood sugar levels to go up.
One study showed that exercise, relaxation and meditation significantly reduced stress and lowered blood sugar levels for students.
Exercises and relaxation methods like yoga and mindfulness-based stress reduction can also correct insulin secretion problems in chronic diabetes.
8. Monitor your blood sugar levels
“What gets measured gets managed.”
Measuring and monitoring blood glucose levels can also help you control them.
For example, keeping track helps you determine whether you need to make adjustments in meals or medications.
It will also help you find out how your body reacts to certain foods.
Try measuring your levels every day, and keeping track of the numbers in a log.
9. Get enough quality sleep
Getting enough sleep feels great and is necessary for good health.
Poor sleeping habits and a lack of rest also affect blood sugar levels and insulin sensitivity. They can increase appetite and promote weight gain.
Sleep deprivation decreases the release of growth hormones and increases cortisol levels. Both of these play an important role in blood sugar control.
Furthermore, good sleep is about both quantity and quality. It is best to get a sufficient amount of high-quality sleep every night.